|Notes for Thomas NASH|
64, Page 78
Thomas Nash went with the Pilgrims to Leyden, Holland, but didn't come on the Mayflower. He was a skilled metal worker who, perhaps made the first clock in America.
53, Page 258
Thomas Nash, progenitor of the Connecticut Nash line, arrived in Boston in July, 1637, on the ship Hector. The Rev. John Davenport and his flock were the primary occupants of the ship, and the company sailed on to Quinnipiac (New Haven) in March 1638. Future generations lived in most states of the
Thomas Nash's signature can be found on the Fundamental Agreement that was signed by sixty-three individuals for the regulation of civil and religious affairs of Quinipiac (New Haven, Ct.) This agreement was signed 4 June 1639 and entered into the Book of Records. Thomas Nash was one of the 'after subscribers' in which forty-eight individuals signed the agreement. His vocation was given as a smith.
Nash Files from 1900-1903. This was a brief genealogy to show the ancestors and the descendants of the Sidney Nash Family of McHenry Illinois. Thomas Nash, reported to have been born at Lancaster or Lancashire, England, was past middle age when he came to America. Previous to his migration, he fled with his family and other English Protestants to Holland. He was married to Margery Baker of Hartfordshire England. They afterward moved back home and later migrated to America landing at Boston, Massachusetts, July 20, 1637.
The Nash family received a sizable concession to induce them to settle in New Haven Connecticut, for he was a gun smith, a much needed tradesman in those times. Margery Nash died in 1657 and Thomas in 1658. Their children were Mary, John, Sarah, Joseph and Timothy. was copied as it was written by Orson Nash and Mary Nash.
The following information was taken from the book of material on this subject, compiled in long hand by Orson Nash and Mary Nash Files from 1900-1903. This was a brief genealogy to show the ancestors and the descendants of the Sidney Nash Family of McHenry Illinois.
Thomas Nash, reported to have been born at Lancaster or Lancashire, England, was past middle age when he came to America. Previous to his migration, he fled with his family and other English Protestants to Holland. He was married to Margery Baker of Hartfordshire England. They afterward moved back home and later migrated to America landing at Boston, Massachusetts, July 20, 1637. The Nash family received a sizable concession to induce them to settle in New Haven Connecticut, for he was a gun smith, a much needed tradesman in those times. Margery Nash died in 1657 and Thomas in 1658. Their children were Mary, John, Sarah, Joseph and Timothy.
"Samuel Richardson and Josiah Ellsworth"
Author: Ruth Ellsworth Richardson
Call Number: CS71.R52
This book contains the history and genealogy of the Richardson and Ellsworth families of Massachusetts.
Bibliographic Information: Richardson, Ruth Ellsworth. Samuel Richardson and Josiah Ellsworth. Privately Published. 1974.
[Page 440] The surname NASH is of Saxon origin. The name occurs early in the annals of New England.
In the book published 1866 "The History of the Town of Abington" Mass. by Benjamin Hobart page 414 "there were 4 original branches of the NASH family in New England previous to 1800."
1. James Nash of Weymouth & descendants
x 2. Thomas Nash of New Haven, Conn.
3. Edward Nash of Norwalk, Conn.
4. William Nash of Virginia & North Carolina
Reverand Sylvester Nash of Essex who did the research at that time said they may or may not have been related. Earliest record is of James Nash of Weymouth 1628. James Nash was the son of Lt. Jacob Nash of Weymouth. He had 11 children (7 sons & 4 daughters.) There is a complete list of descendants up to 1866 given in the above book pp 414-422.
I. Thomas Nash b 1597 Bewdley, Worcestershire, England; d 1658
in New Haven, Conn. He is supposed to have come to America
in the HECTOR July 4, 1637 from London and landed at Boston.
Aboard this ship were merchants of wealth and standing at
home. They were accompanied by Reverand John Davenport and
are supposed to have been mostly members of his church in
Coleman Street, London. Thomas' wf & 5 ch came with him.
In March 1638 the whole company sailed from Boston and landed at Quinipiac (now New Haven, Conn.). They bought land from the Indians.
The first positive date for Thomas Nash is September 1, 1640 when he was admitted to the General Court and made a freeman. The records of a General Court held May 19, 1651 states . . It is ordered that "Thomas Nash shall keepe the Towne Muskitts in his hands (16) and Lt. John Nash (3) look to them well that they always be in good order fitt for service and that the Towne allow him what is Just for his care and pains."
He m Margery Baker dau of Lord Nicholas Baker of Hertfordshire, England. Thomas Nash d May 12, 1658 & his wf ca 1655/58.
Ch: 1. Mary d August 16, 1683 m Roger Allen (Allin, Allyn)
who d September 27, 1674 in New Haven, Conn. 7 ch.
2. John (Major) b in England
3. Sarah m Robert Talmadge
4. Joseph (Captain) d 1678 in Hartford, Conn.; m 2nd
Margaret Smith wid; Joseph was a blacksmith
x 5. Timothy b 1626; d 1699; m 1687 Rebecca Stone dau of
Below is the will of Thomas Nash in brief made August 1, 1657
"I, Thomas Nash of New Haven being weake in body, but of sound memory do make and ordaine this my last will & Testament. First I commit my soule into the hands of my Lord Jesus Christ by whose merits I hope to be saved, and my body to be buried at the discretion of my sonnes in hope of a joyful ressurection. As to my worldly goods which God hath given me, my will is to dispose of it as follows," etc.
He willed all his children money and gave his house "with my lands and all other goods & estate that is undisposed of by my will to my son Timothy" and made him sole Executor, because he had been very helpful in his old age. Also his eldest son John had his own house. He made this statement also: "My desire and will is that my beloved friends and Brethern, Mr. Matthew Gilbert and John Wakeman be Overseers" Will signed August 1657.
Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of Worchester County vol2
Author: Ellery Bicknell Crane
Call Number: F72.W9C8vol.2
This book contains a history of Worchester County Massachusetts. Volume 2 of 2.
Bibliographic Information: Crane, Ellery Bicknell. Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of Worchester County vol.2. The Lewis Publishing Company. New York. 1907. pp 24, 25
Thomas Nash (1), immigrant ancestor of Clarence M. Nash, of Webster, Massachusetts, was born in England and came to America with his wife and five children with the party of Rev. John Davenport, sailing July 26, 1637, in the ship "Hector," or its companion ship. The Davenport party sailed from Boston again March 16, 1638, and settled in New Haven, Connecticut. There is a family tradition that Thomas Nash came from Lancaster of Lancashire, England.
The settlers at Guilford seem to have attempted to get the New Haven blacksmith away, for he was one of the signers of the Guilford Compact, June 1, 1638. But he settled at New Haven, or Quinipiac, as the settlement was first called, and September 1, 1640, was admitted a freeman. He was blacksmith and gunsmith for the settlers, and the sixteen muskets owned by the town were placed in his care. His services as blacksmith were also of great value. His residence was at what is now the corner of Court street and Orange Temple, New Haven. He died May 12, 1658, and left a will mentioning his children. He married Margery Baker, died 1657, daughter of Nicholas Baker, of Hertfordshire. Their children were: 1. Mary, married Roger Allen. 2. John, a captain. 3. Sarah, married Robert Talmage. 4. Joseph, sergeant, of Hartford. 5. Timothy, born in England 1626, mentioned below.
THOMAS NASH, FIRST GENERATION
The name NASH by some is claimed to be of English origin meaning "Dweller" from the words "Alten Ashe", which by wrong division became "Atte Nashe", at the Ash tree; one who came from Nash (the ash tree) in Buckinghamshire. Other resources claim that the Nash name is of Saxon origin, and the name occurs early in the annals of New England. It is claimed that Thomas Nash of New Haven wrote his name Naish on the Guilford Covenant. But he did not spell it that way on the Fundamental Agreement of New Haven, and not one of his descendants has ever spelled it that way.
James Nash was in Weymouth, MA as early as 1628.# Gregory Nash and his wife of Charleston, MA both died in 1630; and their are numerous others found in the records there. Thomas Nash came with the Davenport Colony in 1637, and is the ancestor of many of the Connecticut families of that name. He is the "Grandsire of our Nash Family."
On the 26 July, 1637, from the ship "Hector" and another not named, a company landed at Boston, MA., formed principally by merchants of London, whose wealth and standing at home enabled them to come out under more favorable auspices than any company that had hitherto sought these shores. They were accompanied by the Reverend John Davenport as their Pastor, and are supposed to have been mostly members of his Church and Congregation in Coleman Street, London.
The leaders were men of good practical understanding, and provided for the anticipated wants of an infant Colony, by learning trades and arts such as were likely to be most needed. The descendants of this branch can lay no claim to ancestral renown in that which usually constitutes the glory of the human race. Their Ancestors have not been eminent for deeds of blood, or schemes of policy, or for the acquisition of immense wealth. But if honesty, and generally successful industry, if life enduring and life-regulating, and generally unquestioned piety, be virtues to be commended, then, in the history of their fore-fathers, there is just cause for gratitude, if not for pride. In this respect, most of the descendants may look back on an unbroken line, a line of respectable, industrious, pious, and generally, thriving men. According to the Poet's estimate, "The noblest work of God."#
Thomas Nash, his wife, and five children were in this company that arrived in Boston with Rev. Davenport. Thomas was by occupation a gunsmith, a trade which admitted of an easy transition to that of blacksmith, thus rendering him doubly useful to a people whose situation required that both arms and instruments of husbandry should be kept in repair.
In March, 1638, the whole company sailed from Boston, and landed at Quinipiac. This place had been chosen as a location for starting a new Colony (now New Haven). It was owned by a small tribe of Indians, whose chief was Momauguin. In November they entered into an agreement with Momauguin and his counsellors for the purchase of the lands.
The first summer and winter was spent in erecting the necessary buildings, laying out their lands, and in preparing for a permanent residence. In the summer following on the 4 June, 1639, they met together in Mr. Newman's barn, and after solemn religious exercises, drew up what they termed a "Fundamental Agreement," for the regulation of the civil and religious affairs of the Colony.
The alleged early Resolve of the New Haven Colonists "to adopt the law of God until they should have time to make a better," has been the subject of much merriment, and many have been the sneers at the absurdity of it. And the thing has been often repeated as an actual matter of record. The following extract probably constitutes the passage which gave rise to the story:
"At a General Court held at New Haven the 2nd of March 1641. In the decision of a perplexing case, the Court laid it down as a principle. According to the fundamental agreement made and published by the full and general consent when the plantation began and government was settled, that the judicial Law of God, given by Moses, and expounded in other parts of Scripture, so far as it is a hedge and a fence to the Moral Law, and neither ceremonial nor typical, nor had any reference to Canaan, hath an everlasting equity in it, and should be the rule of their proceedings."#
This instrument was signed on the spot by sixty-three individuals. It appears then to have been copied, names and all, into the Book of Records, and afterwards to have been signed by forty-eight others in the Book. These are called "after subscribers", and were probably added within the year, perhaps within a few weeks. Thomas Nash's name is the third of these after-subscribers, therefore, some have supposed that he was not an original member of the company. But this circumstance admits of another solution.
It is known that subsequently to the arrival of the original company, another company joined them made up of emigrants from Kent and Surry, in the vicinity of London, who, like Mr. Davenport's people, came with their pastor, the Rev. Mr. Whitfield, to take up their abode in the new world. These, with perhaps some of the original settlers, made up a company to form a new settlement at Guilford. Their "Compact" was drawn up and signed in New Haven on the 1st of June, four days before the meeting at Mr. Newman's barn. On this document, the name of Thomas Nash appears.
Now considering his vocation as a Smith, and the universal necessity for the services of such a one in a new settlement, it admits at least, of a plausible conjecture, that he had been induced to join the new company. This conjecture is strengthened by the fact mentioned by Barber# "That the Planters of Guilford had not one Blacksmith among them, and that it was with great cost the Town obtained one to live among them." From this it will not appear strange, that the planters going to Guilford, should have endeavored to induce him to go with them, or that the parent Colony, being the largest, and having the prior claim, should have interfered and prevented his going. If he had signed the Guilford compact, it accounts for his not being among the first to sign the other.
It has not been positively ascertained where Thomas Nash came from. One ancestor reports he was from Ireland. However, Thomas Nash of Hatfield, MA, grandson of the original
emigrant, claims that he was from Lancaster or Lancashire in England. This is also the claim by a grandson John Nash of Hadley. The manuscripts of the Rev. Daniel Nash of Otsego, NY, is another claim to the effect of Lancaster, England being the original home of Thomas Nash. Rev. Nash of NY was a fifth generation descendant and their had been no communication with the other two branches for over a l00 years.
The genealogy of the "Baker Family," sustains the tradition that Thomas Nash was from England. There is reason to believe that he was considerably advanced in years when he came to this country, as his children were all born in England. John, the eldest son, was of sufficient age to receive the charge or oath of a freeman in April, 1642. In his will, made in 1657, Thomas expressly mentions his old age.
In most of the records, Thomas is generally mentioned in an affectionate way, as Brother Nash, and was occasionally appointed to those public duties which were congenial with declining years. The following extract from the Record of a General Court held the 25 May, 1646 seems to imply age or infirmity. "In regard of several occasions and works to be done against training day, Brother Nash is spared."
The first positive date attached to his name is "1st of 7th month, Sept. 1640. Mr. Lamberton and Thomas Nash were admitted members of the General Court and received the freemans charge, (oath). The following extract from the Records of a General Court held 19 May, 1651, indicates his vocation. "It is ordered that Thomas Nash shall keepe the Towne Muskits in his hands, and look to them well, that they be always in good order fitt for service, and the Towne to allow him what is Just for his care and pains."
There is no mention of his wife except in the seating of the Meeting-House, and then her Christian name is not given. But from a Record of the Baker Family, found in the British Museum, it is highly probable that her name was Margery and that she was the daughter of Nicholas Baker of Hertfordshire, England.
The following is a Record taken from a book in the British Museum called County Genealogies and Pedigrees of Hertfordshire Families, collected by William Berry. This information was furnished by William Sherwood, Esq. of Fairfield, CT. It is a part of the Record found in the above named book of the family of John Baker. It cleared any doubt in the mind of the original compiler of The Nash Family, by Rev. Sylvester Nash, that the wife of Thomas Nash, the Emigrant to New Haven, was Margery, daughter of Nicholas Baker; since no other record of any other Thomas Nash coming to New England could be found.
John Baker married Margery Madistard. (Our Line). Following are their children:
1. Nicholas Baker, m. Mary Hodgetts; d. Nov 14, 1632. (Our Line).
2. John Baker, m. Joan, daughter of Gregory Woodard of Bromyard.
3. Dau. Baker, m. to ___Smart, had a dau. Margery.
4. Dau. Baker m. to ___West of Hales Owen
5. Dau. Baker m. to ____Coxe of Claques
6. Dau. Baker m. to____Bolton.
7. William Baker, m. to Joan Gill, had a son Wm. called Lord Baker.
LORD NICHOLAS BAKER
Lord Nicholas Baker married Mary Hodgetts. Following are their children:
1. Nicholas Baker, m. the dau. of Pemberton of Birmingham. She remarried Stephen
2. John Baker, d. in infancy.
3. Joseph Baker, d. unm.
4. Margery Baker, m. Thomas Nash and went to New England. (Our Line).
5. Judith Baker, d. unm.
The last time Margery Nash is mentioned is Feb. 11, 1655. "In ye short seate Goodw: Nash ye Elder and Rogger Allens wife (Mrs.Allen was Thomas Nash's daughter.) What is peculiar in this seating, is that Thomas Nash himself is not mentioned in it as in previous seatings, which renders it probable that by reason of some infirmity, he was no longer able to attend Church. Yet he must have outlived his wife, for he does not mention her in his will made in 1657.
In the map of New Haven, Thomas Nash's home-lot was on the west side of State Street, about one-third of the distance from Chapel to Elm Street. It was lot #3, and he had one and one-half acres. Thomas Nash died 12 May, 1658. Mrs. Margery Nash's death is not recorded, but must have been between 11 Feb. 1655, and 1 Aug. 1657. Following are the children of Thomas Nash:
1. Mary Nash, the wife of Roger Allen
2. John Nash, Called Captain and Major John Nash.
3. Sarah Nash, the wife of Robert Talmage.
4. Joseph Nash, Called Sergeant Joseph Nash of Hartford.
5. Timothy Nash, born 1626, in England or Leydon, Holland; called Leiutenant Timothy
Nash, of Hadley, MA.
|Notes for Margery (Spouse 1)|
|From Savage: THOMAS, New Haven 1643, or earlier, had, in 1639, been at Guilford, d. 12 May 1658. His w. Margary, d. of Nicholas Baker of Herts, d. 11 Feb. 1656, and his will, made 1 Aug. 1657, names eldest s. John; Joseph; Mary, w. of Roger Allen; Sarah, w. of Robert Talmage; and Timothy, all brot. from Eng.|
|Last Modified 27 Aug 2002||Created 18 Sep 2002|